An Investigation of Efficacy and Hope as Predictors of Academic Motivation

Hira Arooj, Tazvin Ijaz


The present study aimed at exploring the predictors of academic
motivation of adolescents by analyzing the academic efficacy and
academic hope. The sample was consisted of 1581 students from nine
towns of Lahore. Sampling was done through area probability sampling
strategy. The data was collected by using translated and adapted
Academic Efficacy Scale (Arooj & Ijaz, 2017), Academic Hope Scale
(Arooj & Ijaz, 2017), and Academic Motivation Scale (Arooj & Ijaz,
2017). Pearson Product Moment Correlation analysis showed the
existence of positive relationship between academic efficacy, academic
hope and intrinsic and extrinsic academic motivation. Stepwise
Regression Analysis displayed two models. In these models, academic
efficacy and academic hope predicted intrinsic academic motivation and
contributed variance of 24% and 13%, respectively. Furthermore, the
Stepwise Regression Analysis for extrinsic academic motivation showed
two models in which academic efficacy and academic hope contributed
variance of 22% and 12% respectively.

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