Comparative Study of Effectiveness of Problem Solving Approach and Expository Strategy on the Academic Achievements of Secondary School Students in Mathematics

Sajid Ali, Anees Ul Husnain Shah, Arslan Raheem


A standard based mathematics education is very much essential for the knowledge-based economy of any country. In this era, the study of mathematics has become significant. In the early years of schooling, lack of proper guidance, insufficient mathematical skills and misconceptions of mathematical concepts may yield serious learning deficiencies and improper problem solving skills. This study was conducted to find out the effectiveness of expository and problem-solving approach in the subject of mathematics on the academic achievement of secondary school students of district D. G. Khan. The purpose of this study was to find whether problem solving approach is much better and effective than the expository strategy in the subject of mathematics at secondary school level. The population of the study consisted of all secondary schools students of Tehsil D .G .Khan. A sample of forty (40) students from grade 10th was selected through convenient sampling. The sample was equally divided into experimental and control group on the basis of result of Pre-Test. The Pre-test, post-test equivalent group design was used for the study. Data was analyzed by two-tailed t-test. Data analysis revealed that experimental group that was taught by problem solving approach scored significantly better than the control group that was taught by expository strategy showing effectiveness of problem solving approach over expository strategy in teaching of Mathematics.

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