Effects of Reciprocal Teaching on Students’ Achievement in Physics at Secondary Level

Ali Zaman


The study aimed to find the effects of Reciprocal Teaching (RT) on students’ achievement in physics at secondary level. RT is an instructional strategy that was taken place in the form of a dialogue between teacher and students for the small text segments that involved four strategies in turns i.e. predicting, clarifying, questioning and summarizing. For this purpose, the posttest only quasi experimental design was used that involved two groups. One group was the experimental group that received an unusual treatment of RT and other group was control group that followed ordinary class room teaching. The population of the study was 12696 students who enrolled in the high schools in the area of District Nowshera, whereas118 students were selected as the sample in four selected secondary schools. To find out the effect of RT by comparing experimental and control groups, a post test was administered. Descriptive statistics of t-test, ANOVA, Mean, Median, and Standard Deviation were used for data analysis. It was found that incorporation of RT has high effect on students’ learning achievement than the traditional teaching. Significant difference between experimental and control groups was recorded. RT strategy is highly recommended in physics teaching to be used at secondary level for students’ improvements in learning physics. Teachers should be given Pre service and in service trainings for incorporation of RT in classroom environment.

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