Self-Approbation in Undergraduates of Pure Sciences: Analysis of Physical and Technological Environment of E-Learning During COVID-19

Maham Siddique, Sadaf Zamir, Sohaib Sultan


The current investigation was carried out to determine the level of
E-learning during COVID-19 on Self-approbation of learners of Pure
Sciences at undergraduate level in universities of Islamabad. The study objectives were to; explore the opinion of learners of Pure Sciences regarding their experience of the physical and technological environment of E-learning at the undergraduate level in Islamabad; analyze the level of self-approbation in the physical and technological environment during E-learning in undergraduate learners of Pure Sciences in Islamabad. A research design of quantitative survey was adopted to carry out the research. The population of the study included undergraduates from Engineering, Medical Studies, and Computer Science Departments from 23 universities of Islamabad. Snowball sampling technique was used and a sample of 274 science learners from different universities of Islamabad filled in the online Google form. Descriptive analysis was carried out to study the responses of the participants of the study. Percentage, frequency,
means, and variance were calculated to compile the results of the
investigation. The result of the study showed that the undergraduates of Pure Sciences showed a satisfactory level of self-approbation in all the subscales of physical and technological environment of E-learning except for Self-Approbation and Social Influence. In light of the conclusion of this research, it was recommended that the existing content and structure of E-learning can be improvised to complement the outcomes of the program by ensuring that the instructors of the E-learning sessions, involve the science learners and encourage them to participate by valuing their effort.

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