Relationship of the Herzberg’s Dual Factor Theory on Job Satisfaction and Motivation of Science Teachers

Sadia Batool, Muhammad Shahnawaz, Shomaila Habib


The study was conducted on the implications of Herzberg’s two-factor
theory on the job satisfaction of high school science teachers of district Rawalpindi, Pakistan. It explored the effect of the influence of Herzberg’s motivational factors and hygiene factors on the job satisfaction of science teachers and the effect of each sub-factor on their job satisfaction. The relationship of sub-factors with respect to gender and area was also explored in this study. The sample of the study was 142 male science teachers and 211 female science teachers teaching class 6th to 10th grades, who were selected through stratified random sampling. The findings revealed that motivational factors were the dominant motivators of teachers’ job satisfaction than hygiene factors, there is a substantial difference among job satisfaction levels of male and female teachers and the motivational factors had more effect on the job satisfaction of female science teachers than male science teachers. It was also found that there
was a significant difference in motivation and hygiene factors on job
satisfaction of the teachers of urban and rural areas. The salary and
relationship with the supervisor are such hygiene factors that have no
effect on the job satisfaction of science teachers whereas, motivational factors such as job security and recognition are found having the highest effect on job satisfaction of science teachers.

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