Situational Analysis of Early Childhood Education in Pakistan: Challenges and Solutions

Mahek Arshad, Shazia Zamir


Present paper tried to present a critical inquiry regarding Early Childhood Education in context of Pakistan. It particularly focuses on the beginning of ECE in Pakistan and move towards present day challenges in this area. Objectives of the study were to analytically explore the development of early childhood education in Pakistan, to highlight the challenges faced in expansion of early childhood education in Pakistan and to recommend practical solutions for the development of early childhood education in Pakistan by emphasizing its importance. The study adopted qualitative design. Data were collected from the recorded facts in form of documentation available on early childhood education. Document Analysis was conducted which includes reports and studies on ECE in Pakistan. It was concluded that at present status of ECE in Pakistan is not up to mark, Pakistan is struggling to cope with the present challenges of poverty, lack of awareness, weakness of policy makers, untrained teachers and budgetary issues. It is recommended that stakeholders including public institutes, NGO’s, private sector, religious scholars and parents may perform their role by collaborating with each other to improve ECE in Pakistan. A strong independent ECE policy and trained teachers are main ingredients.

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