Gap analysis of Global Citizenship Education (GCED) and Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) in Pre-Service Teacher Education Curriculum of Pakistan

Nasreen Bano, KhushBakht Hina, Nabi Bux Jumani


The purpose of the study is to find out the themes of Global Citizenship
Education (GCED) and Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) in
the Pre-Service Teacher Education Curriculum (Elementary). Target 4.7
of Sustainable Development Goals stresses upon learners to get the
knowledge, skills, competencies and values related to GCED and ESD. These themes were taken from IBE (2016). The curriculum was evaluated
for the content knowledge, the competencies, and pedagogical approaches to find out if subject outlines of B. Ed. Honors has the key terms related to GCED and ESD themes. Qualitative content analysis was carried out for identifying GCED and ESD with predetermined (A-Priori) themes. It is a descriptive study. The output was shown in percentages and graphs with a descriptive explanation. Findings showed there is no theme related to Health Education. Teaching of Social Studies subject only had adequate GCED and ESD themes for content knowledge. Abundant themes of GCED and ESD were found in the Competencies and Pedagogies. It was concluded that B. Ed. Curriculum has insufficient themes related to Target 4.7 and revision of curriculum was recommended.

Key Words: Global Citizenship Education, Education for Sustainable
Development, Pre-Service Teacher Education Curriculum, Target 4.7

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