The Use of Information Communication Technologies among Students with Visual impairment: an exploratory study

Humara Bano, Maria Sohail Qureshi

Abstract


Children with disabilities are given equal rights for information accessibility as mentioned in the Convention on the Rights of Person with Disability. The study aimed to explore the actual role of information communication technologies in imparting information to students with visual impairment. For this the data was collected from 41 male and female students with visual impairment using android mobiles, computer/laptop or using internet facilities at libraries of their academic institutions. It involves quantitative data gathering techniques following snowball sampling procedure. Findings indicates that:(a) mobile has been identified as a best source to access information to enhance literacy among students (females) with visual impairment followed by Laptop/Desktop Computer and web browsing respectively (b) girls are using information communication technologies more effectively for their digital literacy as compared to male students with visual impairment and c) girls are facing more constraints in accessing information as compared to male students with visual impairment. The effort made by this study is helpful to develop awareness among the stake holders of the field and particularly to sensitize the heads of teaching institutions and government to enhance the provision of more computer labs with internet browsing services to enhance digital literacy among students with visual impairment.

Key words: Information, accessibility, Information Communication Technology, visual impairment


Full Text:

PDF

References


Adetro, N. D. (2009). Information and communication technology (ICT) as an Access equalizer of information: opportunities and challenges for Nigerias persons with visual impairment. Information Technologist, 6 (1).

Ashraf, S. & Manzoor, A. (2008). Identification and the use of talking books for the children with visual impairment. An Un-published Master Thesis, Department of Special Education, University of the Punjab, Lahore.

Barizer, H. (2007). The role and activities of the IFLA Libraries for the Blind section. Library Trends, 55(4), 864-878.

Bayers, N. L., & Pappas, L. (2006). Accessibility testing: Case history of blind testers of enterprise software. Technical Communications, (53)1, 32-35.

Bocconi, S., Dini, S., Ferlino, L., Martinoli, C. (2007). ICT educational tools and visually impaired students: different answers to different accessibility needs. Retrieved from: http://www.itd.cnr.it/download/e_inclusion.pdf

Carven, J. (2001). Understanding the searching process for visually impaired users of the Web. CERLIM at Manchester Metropolitan University. Retrieved from: http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue26/craven

Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. (2007). Non-discrimination, Article 21-1 Retrieved from http://fra.europa.eu/en/charterpedia/article/21-non-discrimination

Convention on Rights of the Persons with Disabilities. Article 9- Accessibility. Retrieved from https://www.un.org/development/desa/disabilities/convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities/article-9-accessibility.html

Davis, J.E. (2005). An overview of International Research in to the library and information needs of visually impaired people. Library Trends, 55(4). 785-795.

Dobransky, K., & Hargittai, E. (2006). The disability divides in internal access and use. Information, Communication and Society, (9)3.

Douglas, G. (2001). ICT, education and visual impairment. British Journal of Educational Technology, (32)3, 353-364.

Helping Hand for Relief and Development. (2012). Persons with disabilities (PWDs) statistics in Pakistan 2012. Islamabad, Pakistan. Available at http://hhrd.pk/crp/wp content/uploads/2013/02/PWDs- Statistics-in-Pakistan-2012-2.pdf.

Hosking, D.L. (2006). Great expectations: Protection from discrimination because of disability in Community law. European Law Review, 5. 667-689.

Klironomos, I., Antona, M., Basdekis, I., Stephanidis, C. (2006) White Paper: Promoting design for all and e-accessibility in Europe. European Design for All e-Accessibility network. Retrieved from: http://www.academia.edu/download/43943890/White_Paper_promoting_Design_for_All_and20160321-5879-3if32e.pdf

Kubicek, H., (2004). Fighting a moving target: Hard lessons from Germanys digital divide programs. In IT & Society, 1(6), 1-19.

Mendel, T. (2003). Freedom of information as an internationally protected human right. Comparative Media Law Journal, - article19.org Retrieved from https://www.article19.org/pdfs/publications/foi-as-an-international-right.pdf

Newton, R., Ormerod, M., & Thomas, P. (2007). Disabled people's experiences in the workplace environment in England. Equal Opportunities International, 26(6), 610-623.

NTIA, (2002). A nation on line: how Americans expanding their use of the Internet .US Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, Washington, DC, USA.

NTIA, (2004). A nation on line: entering the broadband age. US Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistic Administration, Washington, DC, USA

Olukotun, J. O. (2004). The need for expanded core curriculum for visually impaired learner in Nigerian schools..Journals of Association of Libraries for the Visually Impaired, 3(1). 43-53.

Puffelen, C., Geest, T., & Meij, H. (2008). The use of digital skills by visually disabled people to participate in society. IADIS International Conference ICT, Society and Human Beings 2008

World Health Organization. (2003). Media centre: Access to rehabilitation for the 600 million people living with disabilities. Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/notes/2003/np24/en/.

Zia, S., & Mahmood, T. (2010). A study of the utilization of computer technology by students with visual impairment. Unpublished master level thesis, University of the Punjab, Lahore.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Comments on this article

View all comments


Copyright (c) 2017 JOURNAL OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION

Maintained By: Hatib Shabbir, Directorate Of ICT, AIOU