Effects of Training for In-Hand Manipulation on Legibility of Urdu Handwriting

Hafiz Tahir Jameel, Tanzila Nabeel, Muhammad Yaseen


This research studied the effectiveness of training of In-Hand Manipulation on typical children to see improvement in Urdu handwriting legibility of 4th and 5th grade students. 39 participants with poor handwriting and In-Hand Manipulation from the general education schools were taken. Two group pretest posttest design was used. 19 participants of experimental group was involved in training for the improvement of In-Hand Manipulation and 20 students from control group performed only routine school activities with no extra treatment. The results showed that overall legibility of experimental group was improved significantly as compared to control group. Overall readability, use of margin, shape of words was improved components of legibility in experimental group. This study may be taken as a first step in the development of a tool for assessment of Urdu and English legibility in school setting.

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